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Finland-Pictogram.png Finland is a the northernmost country in the European Union which borders the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland, as well as Sweden-Pictogram.png Sweden, Norway-Pictogram.png Norway, and Russia-Pictogram.png Russia. In some facts, he is the most happiest country in the world.

Contents

Description

Appearance

Male

Finland is usually depicted as male but they're depicted female a significant amount. Either gender they're usually seen wearing winter clothing such as jackets, jeans, sweaters, winter boots, gloves, and scarves in colors of either hues of red, white, blue, black, and gray and adorns a warm hat called "karvahattu". On average, the Finnish are tallest of the Nordic countries and usually has bandages or scars from the Winter War.


Personality

Finland is known for his cheerful, aggressive and easygoing personality. He’s that guy who always carries coffee (usually spiked), or whiskey with him everywhere he goes. He’s usually very cheerful, kind and never shy to throw a good quip a friend's way, but he also has a very short temper, and often says the F-word in Finnish. He likes to socialize with friends, and will hunt down anyone who hurts them. When mad he tends to snap at friends and curses up a storm, but he will always apologize when he is in a better mood. When he is around elderly people, he always helps them in any way he can. He is usually related to 'Santa Claus' or 'Christmas', and when given the chance, he will throw a cool fact about it in any conversation.

Interests

  • Ice Skating
  • Skiing
  • Helping others
  • Sauna
  • Coffee
  • Milk
  • Drinking

Flag meaning

Like most Nordic flags, The cross symbolizes Christianity, white stands for winter, while the sea blue stands for the many lakes and blue skies.

Other Symbols

Finland's Anthem is "Maamme" in Finnish, while in Swedish it is "Vårt land." The meaning in both languages is "Our Land"

  • Finland's National Animal: Brown Bear
  • Finland's National Bird: Whooper Swan
  • Finland's National Flower: lily-of-the-valley
  • Finland's National Tree: Silver birch
  • Finland's National Fish: Perch
  • Finland's National rock: Granite
  • Finland's National insect: Seven-spot ladybird

Finland actually does not have an official motto. Though, sometimes they do use three words beginning with S: "Sisu, Sauna, and Sibelius". Sisu is a hard word to translate to English but is found to be translated in English courage or perseverance, the word Sauna is the Finnish Bath, and Sibelius is the famous Finnish composer. But, saying this is very informal.

Nicknames

  • Finn
  • Finny
  • Land of the Thousand Lakes
  • Suomi (Name in Finnish; Estonian Soome )
  • The Land of a Thousand Heroes
  • The Last Born Daughter of the Sea
  • The Marsh Land
  • The Strawberry Land

Origin of Language

Finland's language have several different theories due to scientists not able to figure out where it has come from yet, but one of the theories is that it came from other Uralic languages. It was a widely held view that they were originated from Proto-Uralic language that was somewhere in the boreal forest belt around the Ural Mountains region, and/or the bend of Middle Volga.

Etymology

Finland came from the word, Suomi. Though the word came from uncertain origins, a candidate of the source is the proto-Baltic word "źemē" which means land. With additional close relatives of Finnish (The Finnic Languages), the name was also used a lot in the Baltic Languages Latvian and Lithuania.

History

Summary

Finland began around 9,000 BC, where it in its the end of the last glacial period. It's stone age cultures were Kunda, Comb Ceramic, Corded Ware, Kiukainen, and Pöljä. It's Finnish Bronze Age had started around 1,500 BC and the Iron Age started around 500, lasting up to 1,300 AD. The Finnish Iron Age cultures were separated into Finnish Proper, Tavastian, and Karelian. It's earliest written sources were mentioned when Finland started to appear in the 12th Century and onwards. The Catholic Church started to gain a foothold within Southwest Finland.

Due to the Northern Crusades as well as the Swedish Colonisation of the Finnish Coastal areas, it's regions became apart of the Kingdom of Sweden and the realm of the Catholic Church. It went onwards in the 13th century.

After the very Finnish War in 1809, it's the vast majority of Finnish-speaking areas of Sweden were ceded to the Russian Empire. It made the area the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. It's Luthern Religion had dominated. Finnish nationalism had then emerged in the 19th century and focused on the cultural traditions of Finland. It was based on its folklore, mythology, including traditional music. Not only that but also the very distinctive language and lyrics associated with it. It's one product of its era was the Kalevala, it was the most significant works of Finnish Literature. It's catastrophic Finnish Famine of 1866-1868 was then followed by economic regulations and extensive emigration.

In 1917, Finland finally declared independence. It's a civil war between it's Finnish Red Guards and it's White Guards were ensued a few months later.

The whites gaining the upper hand during the springtime of 1918, the internal affairs were stabilized. It was mainly agrarian economy grew relatively quickly. It's relations with the west, as well as Sweden and Britain, it had strong but tensions remained with the Soviet Union.

During the Second World War, Finland finally fought twice against the Soviet Union. It first defended its independence in the Winter War, but then was invading the Soviet Union in the Continuation War. It's a peace settlement, Finland had ended up ceding a large part of Karelia and it's other parts to the Soviet Union. However, Finland had remained an independent democracy in Northern Europe.

It's the latter half of its independent history, Finland had maintained it's a very mixed economy. Ever since it's post-World War II economic enlargement boomed in the 1970s, and the Finnish GDP per capita had been among the world's highest. It had expanded its welfare state of Finland during 1970 and 1990s which increased the public sector employees. It started spending the tax burden and imposed on the citizens.

In 1992, Finland had simultaneously faced its economic scores overheating and the Depressed the Western, Russian, and local markets. It was, therefore, Finland joined the European Union in 1955, and had replaced the Finnish Markka with the Euro in 2002.

According to its 2016 poll, 61% of the Finns had preferred to not join the NATO, to which caused them not to.

Complex History

Complex/Complete History of Finnish is for those who want to understand how and when Finland became Finland, otherwise for those who want to dig deeper into the information of Finland.

Paleolithic

It had been confirmed the oldest archaeological site in Finland that it would be in the Wolf Cave of Kristianstad, in Ostrobothnia. Its site would be the only pre-glacial site for in the Nordic Countries. It was approximately 125,000 years old.

Mesolithic

It's very last ice age was in the area of the modern-day Finland which ended in c. 9000 BC. It was the starting time where people migrated to the area of Finland from the South and South-East. Its culture was represented of its a mixture of Kunda, Butovo. and Veretje. It's the same time, northern Finland had inhabited the coast of Norway. It was confirmed the oldest evidence of its post-glacial human settlements in Finland. It was from the area of Ristola in Lahti and from Orimattila from 89000 BC. The country continuously inhabited at least since the end of the last ice age, up to the present now. It's post-glacial inhabitants that have been the earliest of its the present-day area of Finland were mainly seasonal hunter-gatherers. It was among the net of Antrea, alongside with the oldest fishing net known to be ever excavated.

Neolithic

By the 5300 BC, Finland was introduced to pottery. The earliest samples had belonged to the Comb Ceramic Cultures, and was known for its distinctive decorating patterns. It marks the beginning of the neolithic period for Finland, even though it's subsistence was based on Hunting and Fishing. It's very extensive networks of exchange had existed across Finland and the Northeastern Europe; during the 5th millennium BC.

For example, the flint from Scandinavia and Valdai Hills, amber was from the Scandinavia alongside the Baltic region, and the slate from the Scandinavia and Lake Onega which was their found way into the Finnish archaeological sites. It's asbestos and soap stone from Finland were also found in other regions. Rock paintings had apparently related to the Shamanistic and totemistic belief systems. They were found in Eastern Finland; Astuvansalmi.

It weas between 3500 and 2000 BC that the ,onumental stone enclosures were colloquially known for it's Giant Churches that were constructed in the Ostrobothnia region. It's purpose to the enclosures were unknown.

In the recent years, there was a suppose dig in the Kierikki site north of Oulu on the River Li. It had changed the image of a Finnish neolithic stone age culture. It's site had been inhabitated for around a year and been trading extensively. It's Kireikki culture were also seen in the subtype of Comb Ceramic Culture. Most of the site were excavated annually.

It was from 3200 BC and onwards that either immigrants or strong cultural influence from the very south of the Gulf of Finland had then settled into the southwestern Finland. It's culture was a part of the European Battle Axe cultures. It was often be associated with the movement of the Indo-European speakers. It's battle Axe, or Cord Ceramic culture had seem to pratice agriculture and animal husbandry on the outside of Finland. Though it is the earliest confirmed traces of agriculture in the Finland date later, it was stated it was approximately to the 2nd millennium BC that further inland, the sociesties had retained their hunting-gathering lifestyles.

The battle axe and Comb Ceramic cultures had then merged, and rose the Kiukainen culture that had existed between 2300 BC, and 1500 BC. It was a fundamentally comb ceramic tradition and with the cord ceramic characteristics.

Bronze Age

The Bronze Age had began some time after 1500 BC, which the coastal regions of Finland were apart of the Nordic Bronze Culture, where the inland regions and the influences came from the bronze-using culturals of the Northern and Eastern Russia.

Iron Age

The Iron Age of Finland had been considered to last from 500 BC until 1300 AD. It was known official and written by it's Records of Finland. It had become common due to the Swedish Invasions that were apart of the Northern Crusades in the 13th Century. As the Finnish Iron Age had lasted for almost two millenia, it was then divided into six sub-periods.

  • Pre-Roman Period
  • Roman Period
  • Migration Period
  • Merovingian Period
  • Viking Age Period
  • Crusade Period

Pre-Roman Period: 500 BC - 1 BC

The pre-roman period was the finnish iron age. It was the scarcest in it's findings, but the known ones were suggested by the cultural connections to other baltic cultures that were established already. The archeological findings of the Pernaja and Savukoski were provided as proof of an argument. It's many aera's were dwelled into sites and were the same as the Neolithic years. It was the most of the Iron that the era produced on site.

Roman Period: 1 AD - 400 AD

The Roman Period was brought along by an influx of imported iron, along with other artifacts; Roman Wine Glass, Dippers, Various Coins of the Empire. During this period of the Finnish Culture, it was stabilized on the coastal regions and larger grabeyards became a very common place. It's was the prosperity and the Finns rose to the level where it'd be covered with vast majority of it's gold treasures which was within Finland dating back to this specific Period.

Migration Period: 400 AD - 575 AD

The migration Period was the expansion of Land on the cultivation inland. It was especially seen in Southerin Bothnia, and had been growing the influence of germanic cultures. Both of the artifacts such as swords and other weapons were brought in customs. However, most use of iron along side with forging was in it;s domestic origin, and probably the bog iron.

Merovingian period: 575 AD - 800 AD

The Merovingian amount in European country gave rise to distinctive fine crafts culture of its own, visible within the original decorations of domestically created weapons and jewellery. Finest luxury weapons were, however, foreign from Western Europe. The terribly initial Christian burials are from the latter a part of this era moreover.

The recent findings counsel that Finnish trade connections already became additional activities throughout the eighth-century transportation Associate in the Nursing flow of silver onto Finnish markets. The gap of the jap route to the urban centre via Finland's southern outline ground brought Arabic and Byzantine artefacts into the excavation findings of the age.

The earliest findings of foreign iron blades and native ironworking seem in five hundred B.C. From concerning fifty AD, there are indications of an additional intense long-distance exchange of products in a coastal European country. Inhabitants changed their merchandise, presumptively principally furs, for weapons and ornaments with the Balts and therefore the Scandinavians moreover like the peoples on the standard jap trade routes. The existence of richly well-found burials, typically with weapons, suggests that there was a principally elite within the southern and western components of the country. Hillforts touch most of the southern European country at the tip of the Iron and early Medieval Age. there's no usually accepted proof of early state formations in a European country, and therefore the presumptively Iron Age origins of urbanization are contested.

Finland and the swedish rule

Middle Ages

It was in between the contact of Sweden and Finland. Finland was considerable even during the pre-christian times it had. The vikings were known towards the Finns after their participation in the both commerce and plundeing. There was a possible evidence that would be a Viking settlement in the Finnish Mainland. Åland Islands had become a swedish settlement during it's viking period, but when some scholars had claimed that the archipelago had been deserted during the 11th century, it was according to the archaeological finds, Christianity had gained a foothold on Finland during the 11th Century. It was written by a very few in documents of who have survived, and the church in Finland was still in it's very early development during the 12th Century. When medieval legends came in late 13th century, it described the swedish that attempted to conquer and christianize Finland sometime during the mid-1150s.

In the early thirteenth century, Bishop Thomas became the primary notable bishop of Suomi. there have been many profane powers who aimed to bring the Finnish tribes underneath their rule. These were Scandinavian country, Denmark, the Republic of metropolis in northwestern Russia, and possibly the German crusading orders still. Finns had their own chiefs, however likely no central authority. At the time there are often seen 3 cultural areas or tribes in Finland: Finns, Tavastians and geographical regionns. Russian chronicles indicate there have been many conflicts between metropolis and therefore the Finno-Ugric tribes from the eleventh or twelfth century to the first thirteenth century.

It was the Swedish regent, Birger Jarl, who allegedly established Swedish decree Suomi through the Second Swedish Crusade, most frequently dated to 1249. The Eric Chronicle, the sole supply narrating the "crusade", describes that it had been aimed toward Tavastians. A apostolical letter from 1237 states that the Tavastians had reverted from Christianity to their recent ethnic religion.

Novgorod gained management in geographical region in 1278, the region colonised by speakers of jap Finnish dialects. Sweden, however, gained the management of Western geographical region with the Third Swedish Crusade in 1293. Western Karelians were from then on viewed as a part of the western cultural sphere, whereas jap Karelians turned culturally to Russia and Orthodoxy. whereas jap Karelians stay lingually and ethnically closely relating to the Finns, they're usually thought-about a separate individuals. Thus, the northern a part of the border between Catholic and Orthodox Christianity came to lie at the jap border of what would become Suomi with the pact of Nöteborg with metropolis in 1323.

During the thirteenth century, Suomi was integrated into medieval European civilization. The monastic order arrived in Suomi around 1249 and came to exercise nice influence there. within the early ordinal century, the primary records of Finnish students at the university seem. within the southwestern a part of the country, Associate in Nursing urban settlement evolved in Turku. Turku was one amongst the largest cities within the Kingdom of Scandinavian country, and its population enclosed German merchants and craftsmen. Otherwise, the degree of urbanization was terribly low in medieval Suomi. Southern Suomi and therefore the long coastal zone of the Gulf of Bothnia had a distributed farming settlement, organized as parishes and castellanies. within the alternative elements of the country, atiny low population of Lapp hunters, fishermen, and small-scale farmers lived. These were exploited by the Finnish and Karelian tax collectors. throughout the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, nice numbers of Swedish settlers stirred to the southern and northwestern coasts of Suomi, to the Åland Islands, and to the dry land between Turku and therefore the Åland Islands. In these regions, the Swedish language is wide spoken even these days. Swedish came to be the language of the upper crust in several alternative elements of Suomi still.

The name "Finland" originally signification solely the southwestern province, that has been called "Finland Proper" since the eighteenth century. the primary notable mention of Suomi is in runestone Gs thirteen from eleventh century. the initial Swedish term for the realm's jap half was Österlands, a plural, that means the world of Suomi correct, Tavastia, and Karelia. This was later replaced by the word form Österland, that was in use between 1350–1470. within the fifteenth century, Suomi began to be used synonymously with Österland. The thought of a Finnish country within the fashionable sense developed slowly from the fifteenth to eighteenth centuries.

During the thirteenth century, the jurisdiction of Turku was established. Turku Cathedral was the centre of the cult of Saint Henry of Uppsala, and naturally the cultural centre of the jurisdiction. The bishop had ecclesiastic authority over abundant of today's Suomi and was sometimes the foremost powerful man there. Bishops were usually Finns, whereas the commanders of castles were additional usually Scandinavian or German noblemen. In 1362, representatives from Suomi were known as to participate within the elections for the king of Scandinavian country. As such, that year is commonly thought-about once Suomi was incorporated into the dominion of Scandinavian country. As within the Scandinavian a part of the dominion, the upper crust or 

nobility consisted of magnates and yeomen who might afford armament for a person and a horse; these were focused within the southern a part of Suomi.

The robust defense of town guarded the jap border of Suomi. Scandinavian country and metropolis signed the pact of Nöteborg in 1323, however that failed to last long. In 1348 the Swedish king Magnus Eriksson staged a unsuccessful crusade against Orthodox "heretics", managing solely to alienate his supporters and ultimately lose his crown. The bones of competition between Scandinavian country and metropolis were the northern outline of the Gulf of Bothnia and therefore the geographic region regions of Savo in jap Suomi. metropolis thought-about these as searching and fishing grounds of its Karelian subjects and protested against the slow infiltration of Catholic settlers from the West. Occasional raids and clashes between Swedes and Novgorodians occurred throughout the late ordinal and fifteenth centuries, except for most of the time, Associate in Nursing uneasy peace prevailed.

During the 1380s, a warfare within the Scandinavian a part of Scandinavian country brought unrest to Suomi still. The victor of this struggle was Queen Margaret I of Scandinavian country, who brought the 3 Scandinavian kingdoms of Scandinavian country, Scandinavian country and, Scandinavian country underneath her decree 1389. subsequent one hundred thirty years some were characterised by makes an attempt of various Swedish factions to interrupt out of the Union. Suomi was generally concerned in these struggles, however normally the fifteenth century looks to own been a comparatively prosperous time[citation needed], characterised by increase and economic development. Towards the top of the fifteenth century, however, the case on the jap border became additional tense. The princedom of Russian capital conquered metropolis, making ready the method for a unified Russia, and from 1495–1497 a war was fought between Scandinavian country and Russia. The fortress-town of town withstood a Russian siege; in line with a recent legend, it had been saved by a miracle.

16th Century

17th Century

18th Century

peasants

Russian grant duchy

Nationalism

Russification

Democratic Change

Independence and Civil war

Independence

civil war

Finland in the inter-war era

agrarian reform

prohibition

relations with soviet union

Finland in the second world war

history 1945 to present

neutrality in cold war

society and welfare state

recent history

Organizations and Affiliations

International organization memberships

  • African Development Bank Group 
  • Arctic Council
  • Asian Development Bank 
  • Australia Group
  • Bank for International Settlements 
  • Confederation of European Paper Industries 
  • Council of Europe 
  • Council of the Baltic Sea States 
  • Economic and Monetary Union 
  • Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council 
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 
  • European Investment Bank 
  • European Organization for Nuclear Research 
  • European Space Agency 
  • European Union 
  • Food and Agriculture Organization 
  • Group of 9 
  • Inter-American Development Bank 
  • International Atomic Energy Agency 
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development 
  • International Chamber of Commerce 
  • International Civil Aviation Organization 
  • International Criminal Court 
  • International Criminal Police Organization 
  • International Development Association 
  • International Energy Agency 
  • International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies 
  • International Finance Corporation 
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development 
  • International Hydrographic Organization 
  • International Labour Organization 
  • International Maritime Organization 
  • International Mobile Satellite Organization 
  • International Monetary Fund 
  • International Olympic Committee 
  • International Organization for Migration 
  • International Organization for Standardization 
  • International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement 
  • International Telecommunication Union 
  • International Telecommunications Satellite Organization 
  • International Trade Union Confederation 
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union 
  • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency 
  • Nonaligned Movement 
  • Nordic Council 
  • Nordic Investment Bank 
  • Nuclear Energy Agency 
  • Nuclear Suppliers Group 
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 
  • Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 
  • Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons 
  • Organization of American States
  • Paris Club
  • Partnership for Peace 
  • Permanent Court of Arbitration 
  • Schengen Convention
  • United Nations 
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development 
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization 
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization 
  • United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan 
  • United Nations Mission in Liberia 
  • United Nations Mission in the Sudan 
  • United Nations Truce Supervision Organization 
  • Universal Postal Union 
  • Western European Union 
  • World Customs Organization 
  • World Federation of Trade Unions 
  • World Health Organization 
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • World Meteorological Organization 
  • World Trade Organization 
  • World Veterans Federation
  • Zangger Committee 

Politics

Government

The Finnish Government is the executive branch and the Cabinet of Finland, and to which they direct the politics of Finland, it's main source of the legislation which was proposed to the Parliament. The government has had collective ministerial responsibility and it represents the Council of the European Union. The incumbent Marin Cabinet, as well as the Government, comprises 19 ministers with 12 leading ministries.

It's Majority coalition governments became the foundation of the Finnish Government which is apart of a few historical exceptions, as well as the Government assembled by the representatives of the two major parties, and a small number of smaller parties.

Diplomacy

Ethiopia

Ethiopia had been represented in Finland through its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden. While Finland had an embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia had become one of Finland's long-term development partners with water and education sectors. On April 29, 2009, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development had announced that the Finnish government had made its the grant of 11.4 million euros which was able to enable the Benishangul-Gumuz Region. It was to upgrade its capacity and to plan and manage its rural water supply with its sanitation program and to achieve universal access for all Ethiopians.

Namibia

Finland had recognized Namibia on March 21, 1990. Both of the two countries had established diplomatic relations on the very same day. Namibia had been represented in Finland through its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden, while Finland had its embassy in Windhoek and it's an honorary consulate in Walvis Bay.

South Africa

A South African legation was established in 1967 and relations were then upgraded to diplomat level in March 1991. The European nation has an associate embassy in the capital of South Africa, a general diplomatic building in Johannesburg, and a diplomatic building in the urban center. South Africa has an associate embassy in the capital of Finland. throughout war II South Africa declared war on European nations.

Finland was a robust supporter of the dismantlement of social policy in South Africa.

South African exports to the European nations embody contemporary and dried fruits, wine, pulp, paper, iron, steel, and coal. South Africa imports communication systems, paper, board products, and machinery from the European nation.

Chile

Chile recognized Finland's Independence in June 17, 1919. Its diplomatic relations that were between them had been established in 1931 and had continuously maintained. Despite its pressures from time to time to discontinue them, the two countries maintain resident ambassadors in both of each capital.

Colombia

Finland and Colombia's Relations are very harmonious. Both countries share a similar ideology based on democracy, human rights, and lasting peace. This was because of Colombia had decided to open an embassy in Helsinki. When Colombia defines Finland as a key player, Colombia's accession into the OECD and ratification of the Colombia-European Union Trade agreement,

Mexico

Mexico recognized the independence of Finland in July 1920.

United States

Around 200,000 U.S. citizens visit the European nation annually, and 3,000 reside there permanently. The United States of America has an academic exchange program in European nation that's relatively massive for a Western state of Finland's size. It's supported partly from a monetary fund established in 1976 from Finland's final compensation of a United States of America loan created within the aftermath of warfare I.

Finland is bordered by Russia in the east in concert of the previous Soviet Union's neighbors, has been of explicit interest and importance to the United States of America each throughout the conflict and in its aftermath. Before the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, long United States of America policy was to support Finnish neutrality whereas maintaining and reinforcing Finland's historic, cultural, and economic ties with the West. The United States of America has welcome Finland's inflated participation since 1991 in Western economic and political structures.

Economic and trade relations between the European nation and therefore the u.  s. are active and were bolstered by the F-18 purchase. US-Finland trade totals nearly $5 billion annually. The United States of America receives of Finland's exports. In the main pulp and paper, ships, machinery, physics and instruments, and refined fossil fuel product and provides concerning 7% of its imports, mainly computers, semiconductors, aircraft, and machinery.

Thailand

Thailand, also previously known as Siam, had recognized Finland's Independence on October 9, 1919.

Turkey

Turkey had recognized the Independence of Finland on February 21, 1918.

Vietnam

Finland had recognized Vietnam on December 28, 1972.

Bulgaria

Both had diplomatic representations of two countries that had been upgraded to level the embassy was in 1963.

Denmark

Denmark and Finland share a very long history together, to where Danish Vikings settled in Finland and made many crusades, both were apart of the Kalmar Union. Denmark was the very first country to go along with Sweden and recognize Finland's independence. There are currently 3,000+ Finns living in Denmark, while 1,235 Dances living in Finland. During the Winter War, the Soviet Union versus Finland, over 1,000 Danish Volunteers had come to help Finland fight the Soviet's back. During the Winter War and the Continuation War, Denmark had taken over 4,200 Finnish War children. Their Denmark Exports had a value of 1.380 euros and the imports from Denmark valued 1.453 billion. Denmark had then made itself Finland's 10th largest import-trading partner. The Nordic Culture Fund and it's Finnish-Danish Cultural Fund support projects of artists were within both countries. Many tourists from Finland visited Denmark, 206,000, in 2017. Vice Versa: 113,000 Danish tourists visited Finland in 2017.

In 1918, Mannerheim visited Copenhagen and asked if Prince Aage would have wanted to become the King of Finland.

Estonia

Finland's main language, Finnish, is closely related to Estonian. There is a very certain feeling of kinship between the two languages. 76% of the Finns that lived or visited Estonia in 2004, 1.8 million Finns were reported visiting Estonia. Many Finnish and Swedish investors had then become the largest foreign investors in Estonia.

Finland and Estonia are also members of the European Union and the Schengen agreement, giving free international travel and trade between the countries.

When Finland's government recognized Estonia's independence in 1920, in response to the Soviet invasion, the diplomatic missions were de facto removed. However, Estonia had declared independence, the temporary obstruction had then been resolved. Finland and Estonia, both countries, had restored their diplomatic relations on August 29, 1991.

France

France was the first country which had recognized Finland's independence on January 4, 1918.

Germany

Germany recognized Finland's independence on Gregorian calendar month four, 1918. Germany gave direct military support to Finnish independence by coaching Finnish Jägers and with success intervened within the Finnish war in favor of the nationalist Whites. During war II, the key protocol within the Molotov-Ribbentrop written agreement enabled the Winter War, a Soviet attack on Suomi. Suomi and Reich were co-belligerents against the country throughout Continuation War, however a separate peace with the country crystal rectifier to the Finnish-German geographical area War. The Federal Republic of Germany and therefore the German Democratic Republic were each recognized on Gregorian calendar month seven, 1972, by Finland. Diplomatic relations between Suomi and West Germany were established on Gregorian calendar month seven, 1973.

Hungary

Hungary recognized Finland on August 23/ 1920. Finland then recognized Hungary on September 10, 1920. Finland had broken of their diplomatic relations on September 20, 1944, before re-establishing them on May 20, 1947.

Latvia

Finland recognized Latvia's independence de facto on September 24, 1919, and de jure on January 21, 1921

Lithuania

Finland recognized Lithuania's independence de facto on November 14, 1919, and de jure on October 14, 1921.

Netherlands

The Netherlands recognized Finland's independence on January 10, 1918.

Norway

Norway recognized Finland's independence in January 10, 1918.

Russia

Relations with Russia are peaceful and friendly. Finland imports a lot of products and basic wants, corresponding to fuel, and therefore the 2 nations are agreeing on problems quite disagreeing with them.

Finland was a region of the Russian Empire for 108 years, once being annexed from the Swedish empire. Discontent with Russian rule, Finnish national identity, and warfare I finally caused Finland to interrupt far away from Russia, taking advantage of the very fact that Russia was retreating from warfare I and a revolution was beginning in earnest. Following the Finnish war and putsch, Russians were nearly equated with Communists, and thanks to official hostility to Communism, Finno-Soviet relations within the amount between the planet wars remained tense. Voluntary activists organized expeditions to Karelia (heimosodat), that complete once Finland and therefore the state signed the accord of the metropolis in 1920. However, the state didn't abide by the accord once they barricaded Finnish service ships. Finland was attacked by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1939. Finland fought the Winter War and therefore the Continuation War against the state in warfare II. throughout these wars, the Finns suffered ninety,000 casualties and inflicted severe casualties on the Russians.

Contemporary problems embrace issues with border controls inflicting persistent truck queues at the border, airspace violations, pollution of the Baltic Sea, and Russian duties on exported wood to Finland's pulp and paper business. Russia conjointly thought-about giant swathes of land close to the Finnish border as a special security space wherever foreign land possession is prohibited. An equally intensive restriction doesn't apply to Russian voters. The Finnish Defence Forces and Finnish counterintelligence Service have suspected that Russians have created targeted land purchases close to military and different sensitive installations for intelligence or special operations functions. rightist commentators accuse the govt of continuous the policy of Finlandisation.

Recently, Finland-Russia relations are besieged with the annexation of peninsula by the Russia, which Finland considers ineligible. Besides the remainder of the EU Union, Finland enforces sanctions against Russia that followed. Still, economic relations haven't entirely deteriorated, The imports to Finland are from Russia, and therefore the exports from Finland are to Russia, and cooperation between Finnish and Russian authorities continues.

Slovenia

Finland and Slovenia's tensions rose in the Late 2008 when a news program on Finland's national broadcasting company station YLE accused Finnish weapons manufacturer Partia of bribing Slovenian officials that were secure of an arms deal. Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Jansa had formally complained to Finland's ambassador in Ljubljana. Its controversy had become known as the Partia case.

Sweden

Finland and Sverige have forever had terribly shut relations, ensuing from a shared history, various commonalities in society and politics, and shut trade relations. A freshly appointed government minister makes his or her Diamond State visit to Sverige. Finnish politicians usually contemplate Sweden's reaction to world affairs initially as a base for any actions, and therefore finally each country usually agrees on such problems. If there has ever been any dissonance between the 2 countries those were the Åland question within the early Nineteen Twenties and therefore the Swedish declaration of non-belligerent standing throughout the Winter War. Finland and Sverige are members of the ECU Union and therefore the Schengen agreement, releasing international travel and trade between the countries. moreover, each participant within the Nordic Council, which grants Swedish nationals slightly a lot of intensive rights than the EU treaties alone.

Australia

Finland and Australia established diplomatic relations in May 1949.

Geography

Finland is full of very ubiquitous landscapes with intermingled boreal forests and lakes. Finland can also be divided into three areas: archipelagoes, coastal lowlands, slightly higher central lake plateau, and finally uplands to the north and northeast. With it having its borders with the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland, it also has Sweden, Norway, and Russia as land borders.

Finland is the northernmost country in the European Union, with most of its population and agricultural resources concentrated in the south, Northern and Eastern Finland is sparsely population that is containing vast wilderness areas, the Taiga Forest being the most dominant vegetation type.

Flag-map of Finland.svg.png

Finland's total area is 337,030 km, and most of the area is 10% water, 69% forest, and 8% cultivated land while 13% is other. Finland is the eighth-largest country within Europe after Russia, France, Ukraine, Spain, Sweden, Norway, and Germany. As whole, the shape of Finland's boundaries has resembled a figure of a one-armed human. In Finnish lingo, Parallels are drawn between the figure as well as the national personification of Finland – Finnish Maiden (Suomi-neito) – and the country is as whole as it can be referred in the Finnish language by her name. The official context of the area around Enontekiö that is placed in the northwestern part of the country between Sweden and Norway can be referred to as the "Arm."

After the very Continuation War, Finland had lost major land areas to Russia during its Moscow Armistice of 1944, and the figure had to said she had lost the other of her arms, as well as the hem of her "skirt." 

Relationships

Family

Friends

Neutral

Enemies

Past Versions

  • Finland-Pictogram.png Kingdom of Finland
  • Finnish tribes

Opinions

Soviet Union/USSR

"For the last time, i will not invade Leningrad!!"
 
— Finland's thoughts on USSR

Russia

"Russia is better than Soviet Union, but I don't think he likes me"

Sweden

"Sweden is cool, but they could learn to shut up sometime"

Norway

"Norway is alright, quieter than Sweden, but still loud"

Estonia

"Estonia is really cool, and I like her."

Germany

"Germany is pretty chill, seems just as coffee dependent as me"

Iceland

"Iceland is interesting, and their landscapes are beautiful"

Extra(s):

  • Religion: Protestantism (73.8%, 4.1 Million), Atheist (15.1%, 839,571), Orthodox Church (1.1%, 61,161), Other (10%, 556,007
  • Urbanization: 84% (4.7 Million)
  • Social Progress Index: 5th in the World
  • Basic Human Needs: 12th in the World
  • Social Opportunities: 8th in the World
  • Health and Wellness: 7th in the World
  • Personal Safety: 19th in the World
  • Access to Education: 28th in the World
  • Advanced Education: 25th in the world
  • Personal Freedom: 3rd in the World
  • Freedom of Speech: 15th in the World
  • Tolerance and Inclusion: 1st in the World
  • Women Equality: High
  • Tolerance for Minorities: 3rd in the World
  • Tolerance for Homosexuals: 9th in the World (80.4%)
  • GDP: $242 Billion
  • Unemployment: 8.7% (234,465)
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • Telephones: 10.2 Million
  • Mobile Phones: 9.3 Million
  • Internet Users: 5.1 Million Users

Trivia

  • Finnish (The Finns) drink more coffee than anyone else, or any other country.
  • There are over 3 million saunas in Finland.
  • Milk is one of the drinks Finn's love to consume.
  • The Wife-Carrying Race was originated in Finland.
  • The country of Finland is home to the only Endangered species, Saimaa Ringed Seal. They can only be found within Finland.
  • Finland is home to the longest palindromic Word: "Saippuakivikauppias"
  • Finland is known for a celebration on "Day of Failure."
  • The World's most second longest tunnel is home to Finland.
  • Finland is known as Europe's Prison-Break capital.
  • Finland is known for one of the world's most Powerful Passports due to the fact if you possess one you can access 175 countries around the world without a visa.
  • Finland is sometimes but is often ranked the happiest country in the world due to the Finnish high incomes, health care for everyone, and it's top education system.
  • Finland is very famous for their stunning Lapland, Northern Lights, Saunas, Quirky food, and being home to Santa Claus.
  • Even though Finland has been called the "Happiest Country in the World", it has one of the highest incidence rates of depression amongst the population.

References