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|Article of the Month • Wednesday, 23, September, 2020|
Congratulations for the contributors who worked hard on this article!Brunei on the northern coast of Borneo island in Southeast Asia. The empire converted its rule to Islam around the 15th century when it grew substantially since the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese. The kingdom was extended throughout the coastal areas of Borneo and the Philippines before it declined in the 17th century.
The Bruneian Empire isn't popular in the fandom but some description of different types of people see the Bruneian Empire wearing traditional Malay-Arabian clothing for both men and women.
The empire isn't known in the fandom therefore it does not have any descriptive of personalities and traits. Different types of people portray the Empire as cold, distant and mysterious.
Origins of languages
Apart from Brunei Malay and Kedayan, the latter which may be considered a dialect of Malay, five indigenous minority ethic groups are officially recognised in Brunei, each with their own language: Tutong, Belait, Dusun, Bisaya, and Murut.
The earliest diplomatic relations between Boni (渤泥) and China are recorded in the Taiping Huanyu Ji (太平環宇記) (978). In 1178, a mission to China sent by Srivijaya include forest product from Borneo such as plum flower-shaped Borneo camphor planks, which highlighted the Srivijaya's role as intermediary to acquire Borneo product.
In the 14th century, Brunei seems to be subjected to Java. The Javanese manuscript Nagarakretagama, written by Prapanca in 1365, mentioned Barune as the vassal state of Majapahit, which had to make an annual tribute of 40 katis of camphor.
In 1369, the Sulus attacked Po-ni, looting it of treasure and gold. A fleet from Majapahit succeeded in driving away the Sulus, but Po-ni was left weaker after the attack. A Chinese report from 1371 described Po-ni as poor and totally controlled by Majapahit.
After the death of its emperor, Hayam Wuruk, Majapahit entered a state of decline and was unable to control its overseas possessions. This opened the opportunity for Bruneian kings to expand their influence.
During the 1370 visit, Ming observers noted the Islamisation of Brunei to be limited to only a section of the royal entourage, while Buddhism was spreading in the general populace.
By the 15th century, the empire became a Muslim state, when the King of Brunei converted to Islam, brought by Muslim Indians and Arab merchants from other parts of Maritime Southeast Asia, who came to trade and spread Islam. It controlled most of northern Borneo, and it became an important hub for the East and Western world trading system
On the 17th century, the Bruneian empire was decline brought by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of the European powers, and piracy which lost many of its territory due to the arrival of the Spanish in the Philippines, Dutch in southern Borneo and the British in Labuan, Sarawak and North Borneo.
By 1725, Brunei had many of its supply routes had been taken over by the Sulu Sultanate. In 1888, Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin later appealed to the British to stop further encroachment. In the same year British signed a "Treaty of Protection" and made Brunei a British protectorate until 1984 when it gained independence.
Seyrii (formerly): September 9
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